The Island of Sumba lies towards the eastern end of the Nusa Tenggara chain of islands in Indonesia. This chain stretches from the small island of Bali in the west, to West Timor in the east. Sumba is a relatively small island (about 210 km from east to west, and 50 km north to south). Sumba lies to the south of the extensive belt of volcanoes that runs through most of Indonesia. Its soil is coral and limestone based and not particularly fertile. The north and east of the island tends to be very dry, while the south and west is much wetter and more fertile.
Daytime temeperatures are uniformly in the low thirties (degrees centigrade) altough it can be slightly cooler along the central ridge of the low mountains in Central Sumba. The rainy season lasts from December though to March, leaving an eight month dry season.
Sumba is remarkably rich in culture, most notably the unique Marapu religion. This animist religion influences the shape of the traditional houses, the megalithic tombstones, funerals, and the famous Pasola ceremony.
With regards to tourism, Sumba is somewhat an undiscovered gem. However, there are a few hotels and resorts doted around the coastline, as Sumba has an endless supply of fantastic beaches and legendary surf. The island can be reached by air of sea and is serviced by two airports : Tambolaka located at the South West Sumba, and Ir. Mehang Kunda located at Waingapu, East Sumba, while the two main harbours are Waikelo at Southwest Sumba, and Waingapu at East Sumba.
Sumba boasts some of the most exotic, beautiful landscapes in the world. From endless whote sand beaches to pure, natural rainforests, Sumba trully is a magical island.